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In English, this language has historically been known as Persian, though Farsi has also gained some currency.
Farsi is encountered in some linguistic literature as a name for the language, used both by Iranian and by foreign authors.
That writing system had previously been adopted by the Sassanids (who were Persians, i.e.
from the southwest) from the preceding Arsacids (who were Parthians, i.e. While Ibn al-Muqaffa' (eighth century) still distinguished between Pahlavi (i.e.
Currently, Voice of America, BBC World Service, Deutsche Welle, and Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty use "Persian Service" for their broadcasts in the language.
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty also includes a Tajik service and an Afghan (Dari) service.
The Persian language is classified as a continuation of Middle Persian, the official religious and literary language of the Sasanian Empire, itself a continuation of Old Persian, the language of the Achaemenid Empire.There are approximately 110 million Persian speakers worldwide, with the language holding official status in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan.For centuries, Persian has also been a prestigious cultural language in other regions of Western Asia, Central Asia, and South Asia by the various empires based in the regions.This is also the case for the American Association of Teachers of Persian, The Centre for Promotion of Persian Language and Literature, and many of the leading scholars of the Persian language.Persian is an Iranian language belonging to the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European family of languages.
The complex grammatical conjugation and declension of Old Persian yielded to the structure of Middle Persian in which the dual number disappeared, leaving only singular and plural, as did gender.